Bhumi Amla Cultivation
Bhumi Amla, also known as the stonebreaker plant, is a medicinal herb that is widely cultivated in India. It is a small, erect plant that grows up to 50 cm in height and is characterized by its small, green leaves and small, yellow-green fruits. Bhumi Amla has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for centuries to treat a variety of health conditions, including liver problems, urinary tract infections, and skin disorders.
Bhumi Amla is relatively easy to grow and can be cultivated in a wide range of soil types and climates. It can be propagated through seeds, stem cuttings, or root cuttings and can be planted directly in the field or in nursery beds. Bhumi Amla requires regular watering and minimal fertilization and pest control.
The plant can be harvested 3-4 months after planting, and the entire plant can be uprooted to harvest the leaves and fruits. After harvesting, the plants should be dried in the sun for a few days before processing.
Bhumi Amla is in high demand in the pharmaceutical industry, where it is used to produce herbal medicines. It contains several bioactive compounds, including phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin, which have been shown to have hepatoprotective, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties.
Overall, Bhumi Amla cultivation can be a profitable venture for farmers, given its high demand in the pharmaceutical industry and the relatively low input costs. Additionally, the plant’s medicinal properties make it a valuable addition to traditional medicine practices.
Bhumi Amla is a medicinal plant that is widely grown in India for its health benefits. Here’s what you need to know about its cultivation:
- Climate for Cultivation: Bhumi Amla grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates. It can tolerate temperatures ranging from 15°C to 40°C.
- Ideal Soil for Cultivation: Bhumi Amla prefers well-drained, fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. It can grow in a wide range of soil types, from sandy to clayey soils.
- Varieties: There are several varieties of Bhumi Amla, including Phyllanthus niruri, Phyllanthus amarus, and Phyllanthus fraternus.
- Propagation: Bhumi Amla can be propagated through seeds, stem cuttings, or root cuttings.
- Season: Bhumi Amla can be planted throughout the year, but it is best to plant it during the monsoon season.
- Land Preparation: The land should be prepared by plowing and harrowing to a fine tilth.
- Planting: Bhumi Amla can be planted directly in the field or in nursery beds. If planting in nursery beds, the seedlings should be transplanted after 6-8 weeks.
- Spacing and Density: The recommended spacing for Bhumi Amla is 60 cm x 60 cm, with a plant density of around 27,777 plants per acre.
- Intercropping: Bhumi Amla can be intercropped with other crops such as legumes and vegetables.
- Irrigation: Bhumi Amla requires regular watering, especially during the first few weeks after planting.
- Fertilizers: Organic fertilizers such as compost and cow dung are recommended for Bhumi Amla cultivation.
- Pests: Common pests that affect Bhumi Amla include aphids, mealybugs, and leafhoppers.
- Diseases: Bhumi Amla is susceptible to root rot and leaf spot diseases.
- Training and Pruning: Bhumi Amla requires minimal pruning and training.
- Harvesting: Bhumi Amla can be harvested 3-4 months after planting. The entire plant can be uprooted, and the leaves and fruits can be harvested.
- Post Harvest: After harvesting, the plants should be dried in the sun for a few days before processing.
- Yield: The yield of Bhumi Amla varies depending on the variety, soil type, and cultivation practices. On average, a yield of 10-15 tonnes per acre can be expected.
- Area of cultivation: Bhumi Amla is cultivated extensively in India, particularly in the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.
- Market information: Bhumi Amla is in high demand in the pharmaceutical industry, where it is used to produce herbal medicines.
- Weed Control: Weed control can be done manually or with the use of herbicides.
- Seed: Seeds should be collected from healthy plants and stored in a cool, dry place.
- Profit Per acre: The profit per acre of Bhumi Amla cultivation depends on the yield, market price, and input costs. On average, a profit of Rs. 50,000-60,000 per acre can be expected.
- yield Per acre: The yield of Bhumi Amla varies depending on the variety, soil type, and cultivation practices. On average, a yield of 10-15 tonnes per acre can be expected.
- Yield per plant / Tree: The yield per plant of Bhumi Amla varies depending on the variety and growing conditions. On average, a yield of 200-300 grams per plant can be expected.
- Cost of farming: The cost of Bhumi Amla cultivation includes expenses on seeds, fertilizers, labor, irrigation, and pest control. On average, the cost of cultivation can range from Rs. 40,000-50,000 per acre.
Average Cost, Profit and Expenses per acre of Bhumi amla cultivation
|Fertilizers and Pesticides||Rs. 5,000|
|Land preparation, planting, and labor||Rs. 10,000|
|Harvesting and Processing||Rs. 10,000|
|Total Expenses||Rs. 35,000|
|Rent or lease of land||Rs. 10,000|
|Interest on loans||Rs. 5,000|
|Miscellaneous expenses||Rs. 5,000|
|Total Costs||Rs. 20,000|
|Total yield from one acre (approx.)||500-750 kg|
|Selling price of Bhumi Amla (avg.)||Rs. 50-80 per kg|
|Total revenue (approx.)||Rs. 25,000-60,000|
Overall, Bhumi Amla cultivation can be a profitable venture for farmers, given its high demand in the pharmaceutical industry and the relatively low input costs.