Catla fish farming

Catla fish farming, also known as Indian major carp farming, is the practice of rearing Catla catla, a freshwater fish species native to the Indian subcontinent. It is a popular fish species for aquaculture due to its rapid growth rate and high demand in the market.

Here are some key points to consider when it comes to Catla fish farming:

  1. Pond Selection: Catla fish farming is primarily done in freshwater ponds. The selection of a suitable site for the pond is crucial. The water source should be reliable, and the pond should have good soil quality and proper drainage.
  2. Pond Preparation: The pond should be properly prepared before stocking the fish. This includes removing any unwanted vegetation, leveling the pond bottom, and applying lime to control acidity levels.
  3. Stocking: Catla fish fingerlings, which are young fish, are generally stocked in the pond. The stocking density depends on factors such as pond size, water quality, and availability of feeds. It is important to ensure that the fingerlings are healthy and disease-free.
  4. Feeding: Catla fish are herbivorous and prefer feeding on plankton, algae, and other aquatic plants. However, in fish farming, supplementary feeding is necessary to meet their nutritional requirements. Commercial fish feeds or locally available feed ingredients can be used.
  5. Water Management: Maintaining good water quality is essential for the health and growth of Catla fish. Regular monitoring of water parameters such as temperature, dissolved oxygen levels, pH, and ammonia levels is important. Proper aeration and regular water exchange may be required.
  6. Disease Management: Like any other fish species, Catla fish can be susceptible to diseases. Regular health monitoring, proper nutrition, and maintaining good water quality can help prevent diseases. In case of any health issues, consulting a fish health professional is recommended.
  7. Harvesting: Catla fish can be harvested when they reach marketable size, usually between 8 to 12 months of age. The harvesting method can vary, but typically involves draining the pond partially or completely and collecting the fish using nets or traps.
  8. Marketing: Catla fish has high demand in the market, especially in regions where it is popular. Identifying potential buyers, such as local fish markets, restaurants, or wholesalers, is important for selling the harvested fish.

It is crucial to note that fish farming practices can vary based on local conditions, regulations, and the scale of the operation. Seeking guidance from local agricultural or fisheries authorities and experienced fish farmers can provide more specific and regionally relevant information on Catla fish farming.

Recommended Pond Size

The recommended pond size for Catla fish farming can vary depending on various factors such as the available land, water availability, and farming objectives. However, a general guideline suggests that the pond size should be at least 0.5 to 1 acre (0.2 to 0.4 hectares) for Catla farming.

A larger pond size allows for a higher stocking density, which can potentially increase the overall production. Additionally, a larger pond provides more space for the fish to swim and grow, promoting their health and reducing stress.

It is important to note that pond size alone is not the sole determinant of success in Catla farming. Other factors such as water quality, proper feeding, disease management, and efficient water management also play crucial roles in achieving optimal growth and production.

Before deciding on the pond size, it is recommended to consult with local fisheries authorities or experienced fish farmers in your region. They can provide more specific guidance based on the local conditions, resources, and farming objectives to ensure the success of your Catla fish farming venture.

Yield per acre of Catla Fish farming

The yield of Catla fish in a one-acre pond can vary depending on several factors, including the farming practices, water quality, stocking density, feeding, and overall management. It is important to note that fish farming yields can also be influenced by local conditions and individual farm management.

As a general guideline, the average yield of Catla fish in a well-managed one-acre pond can range from 1,500 to 2,500 kg (3,300 to 5,500 lbs). However, it is crucial to remember that achieving the maximum yield requires proper farm management, including optimal feeding, regular monitoring of water quality, disease prevention, and adequate pond preparation.

To maximize the yield potential, it is advisable to consult with local fisheries authorities, experienced fish farmers, or aquaculture experts in your region. They can provide more specific recommendations based on the local conditions, farming practices, and the availability of resources. Additionally, seeking guidance on best management practices and staying updated on advancements in Catla fish farming can help improve the yield and profitability of your fish farming operation.

How long does it take catla fish to grow to maturity

Catla fish typically takes around 8 to 12 months to reach marketable size, although the growth rate can vary depending on factors such as water temperature, feed quality, stocking density, and overall farm management practices.

During the initial stages of growth, Catla fingerlings can experience rapid growth, especially when provided with a nutrient-rich diet and favorable environmental conditions. They can attain a weight of around 200 to 300 grams within the first few months.

As the fish continue to grow, their growth rate may slow down slightly. With proper feeding and management, Catla fish can reach a harvestable weight of around 1 to 2 kilograms (2.2 to 4.4 pounds) within 8 to 12 months.

It is important to monitor the growth of the fish regularly and adjust the feeding and management practices accordingly. Factors such as water quality, feeding frequency, and the availability of suitable feed can significantly impact the growth rate of Catla fish.

By following appropriate feeding protocols, providing optimal water quality, and implementing good farm management practices, fish farmers can maximize the growth rate and achieve the desired size of Catla fish within the recommended timeframe.

Best feed for Catla fish commercial cultivation

The best feed for Catla fish in commercial farming depends on various factors such as availability, cost, nutritional requirements, and local conditions. Here are some commonly used feed options for Catla fish in commercial farming:

  1. Floating Pellets: Commercially available floating pellets specifically formulated for Indian major carp, including Catla, are commonly used. These pellets are nutritionally balanced, containing proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals necessary for the growth and health of Catla fish.
  2. Supplementary Feeds: Along with commercial pellets, supplementary feeds can be given to Catla fish. These include locally available feed ingredients such as oil cakes (soybean, mustard, etc.), rice bran, wheat bran, groundnut cake, and other agricultural byproducts. These feeds can provide additional nutrients and help reduce feed costs.
  3. Green Feed: Catla fish are herbivorous and can derive nutrition from various green feed sources. Aquatic plants, water hyacinth, azolla, duckweed, and other aquatic weeds can be included in their diet. These green feeds are a natural source of essential nutrients and can be cultivated in separate ponds or tanks.
  4. Silage: Silage made from various agricultural residues such as maize, sorghum, or grass can be used as a feed for Catla fish. Silage preparation involves fermentation, which helps preserve the nutrients and makes it suitable for fish consumption.
  5. Azolla: Azolla is a floating aquatic fern that is rich in protein and can be cultivated separately or integrated with other feed sources. It is often used as a protein-rich supplementary feed for Catla fish.
  6. Natural Plankton: In extensive or semi-intensive Catla fish farming, the natural productivity of the pond can be enhanced to provide a natural food source. This can be done by maintaining water quality, promoting the growth of planktonic organisms, and ensuring proper nutrient management.

The choice of feed depends on factors such as availability, cost-effectiveness, nutritional composition, and the specific requirements of the Catla fish at different stages of growth. It is important to consider the nutritional requirements of Catla fish and consult with aquaculture experts or nutritionists to develop a balanced feed management strategy for optimal growth and health of the fish in commercial farming operations.

Catla Vs Rohu Cultivation in India

In India, both Catla (Catla catla) and Rohu (Labeo rohita) are highly popular freshwater fish species, and customer preferences may vary depending on the region and cultural preferences. However, it is generally observed that Rohu is more widely preferred and consumed compared to Catla. Here is a comparison of customer preference and profitability for Catla and Rohu fish farming in India:

Customer Preference:

  1. Rohu: Rohu is one of the most sought-after fish species in India and is highly preferred by consumers due to its taste, texture, and culinary versatility. It is a staple in many regional cuisines and is commonly used in various traditional dishes.
  2. Catla: While Catla is also popular, its customer preference may be relatively lower compared to Rohu. Catla fish has a distinct flavor and is often used in specific dishes or preparations. However, it may not be as widely consumed or preferred as Rohu in certain regions of India.


  1. Rohu: Rohu fish farming is considered highly profitable in India. The demand for Rohu remains consistently high throughout the year, and it commands a good market price. Rohu can attain marketable size relatively faster compared to Catla, making it more economically viable for commercial fish farming.
  2. Catla: Catla fish farming can also be profitable, but the profit margins may vary depending on several factors such as feed cost, market demand, and farming practices. Catla fish generally takes a longer time to reach marketable size compared to Rohu, which can slightly affect the profitability.

It is important to note that the profitability of both Catla and Rohu fish farming depends on various factors, including the cost of inputs, market demand, farming practices, and efficient management. Market conditions, consumer preferences, and geographical location can significantly influence the profitability of the fish farming venture.

Catla Aquaculture and Business Plan

Catla fish farming is a popular aquaculture business in India. Here are some key factors to consider for catla fish farming and a basic business plan:


  1. Pond construction: Catla fish require large, well-aerated ponds with good water quality. The pond should be dug to a depth of at least 1.5 meters.
  2. Stocking: Catla fish can be stocked at a density of 3000-4000 fingerlings per acre. It is important to use high-quality fingerlings and to stock them at the right time to optimize growth.
  3. Feeding: Catla fish require high-quality feed to grow quickly and efficiently. Feeds with a protein content of 32-36% are recommended.
  4. Water management: Catla fish require regular water changes to maintain the necessary water quality. Proper aeration and filtration systems are also essential for maintaining water quality.
  5. Pest and disease management: Catla fish are vulnerable to several pests and diseases, so proper management is essential to ensure a healthy crop. Quarantine procedures, disease monitoring, and timely application of pesticides are recommended.

Business plan:

  1. Start-up costs: The initial investment includes the cost of land, pond construction, fingerlings, feed, labor, and other expenses.
  2. Revenue sources: The main source of revenue is the sale of catla fish. Additional revenue can be generated through the sale of other products such as fish meal and fish oil.
  3. Marketing: Identify potential buyers for your catla fish, such as fish markets, restaurants, and supermarkets. Build a strong brand and reputation for your products to attract more customers.
  4. Profit and loss analysis: Calculate the costs of production and the expected revenue to determine the profitability of the business. Adjust the business plan as needed to optimize profits.
  5. Future growth: Consider expanding the business by increasing production capacity, exploring new markets, and offering additional products such as value-added fish products.

Catla fish farming can be a profitable business in India. With careful planning and management, you can build a successful catla fish farming business.