Cattle Feed

It only makes sense to see that the country with the second largest population in cows will have a demand for cattle feed. India Accounts for 535 Million animals in the year year 2019. Today its only higher not lower. India is also the second largest exporter of beef in the world after brazil which also stands first in cattle population.

With so many cattles it would only be reasonable to assume that india has a large market potential for cattle feed. And its true. Cattle feed is one of the few untapped industries in india. Most farmers are busy producing rice, wheat and vegetables and other produce for human consumption. We have entirely overlooked the possibility of benefitting from cattle feed and the profits it can make.

Apart from very limited companies in the cattle feed business, there is also very little specialized products in the market for cattles. While humans are enbracing nutritional supplements, high protein foods, multivitamins and more, cattles benefit from bland meals which are fed to them in routine.

Creating a specialized product has gained traction with some cattle owners and cattle feed manufacturers. The benefits of cattle feed, specially packed with vitamins and minerals for the cows to improve their health, better milk yield and reducing a range of disease is seen as a important by many cattle owners today, specially those who run a large scale cattle farm.

Cattle farming is an essential part of India’s agricultural sector, providing dairy and meat products to meet the country’s growing demands. However, the productivity and health of cattle heavily rely on their diet. Cattle feed plays a crucial role in ensuring optimal nutrition for the animals. In this article, we will explore the process of cattle feed production and manufacturing in India, highlighting key ingredients, techniques, and industry practices.


Cattle feed production is an intricate process that involves blending various ingredients to create a nutritious and balanced diet for cattle. With a large population of cattle in India, the demand for high-quality feed has increased significantly. This article aims to shed light on the production and manufacturing practices in the cattle feed industry.

Importance of Cattle Feed

Cattle feed plays a vital role in maintaining the overall health and productivity of cattle. It provides the necessary nutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, required for proper growth, milk production, and reproduction. A well-formulated feed ensures optimal weight gain, enhances immune function, and reduces the risk of diseases.

Key Ingredients in Cattle Feed

Cattle feed consists of a wide range of ingredients, each serving a specific purpose. Common ingredients include:

1. Cereals and Grains

Cereals and grains like maize, barley, oats, and wheat are rich sources of energy. They provide carbohydrates and serve as a base for formulating balanced feed.

2. Protein Sources

Protein is essential for muscle development and milk production. Ingredients like soybean meal, cottonseed meal, and groundnut cake are commonly used as protein sources in cattle feed.

3. Oilseeds and By-Products

Oilseeds, such as soybean and groundnut, are rich in fats and proteins. They contribute to the energy content of the feed and aid in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

4. Minerals and Vitamins

Minerals and vitamins are crucial for maintaining proper physiological functions in cattle. Calcium, phosphorus, iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, and E are incorporated into the feed to fulfill the animals’ nutritional requirements.

Manufacturing Process

The manufacturing process of cattle feed involves several steps, ensuring the right combination of ingredients and optimal nutrient composition. The process generally includes:

  1. Raw Material Procurement: Sourcing high-quality ingredients from reliable suppliers.
  2. Grinding and Mixing: Grinding the raw materials to a suitable size and blending them to achieve a uniform mixture.
  3. Pelletization: Conditioning the mixed feed and pelletizing it to enhance digestibility and reduce wastage.
  4. Drying: Removing excess moisture from the pellets to prevent spoilage and improve shelf life.
  5. Packaging: Packing the finished feed into bags or bulk containers for storage and distribution.

Types of Cattle Feed

Cattle feed can be classified into various types based on their specific purpose and the stage of cattle production. Some common types include:

1. Maintenance Feed

Maintenance feed is designed to fulfill the basic nutritional needs of adult cattle during non-lactating and non-pregnant stages.

2. Milk Replacer

Milk replacer feed is specifically formulated to substitute or supplement the milk intake of young calves.

3. Growth Feed

Growth feed contains a higher protein content and is given to young cattle to support their rapid growth and development.

4. Specialized Feed

Specialized feed is formulated for specific purposes, such as fattening cattle, improving reproductive efficiency, or enhancing milk production.

Quality Control Measures

Maintaining consistent quality in cattle feed is crucial for ensuring optimal animal health and performance. The industry follows stringent quality control measures, including:

  1. Raw Material Testing: Conducting tests to ensure the quality and nutritional value of raw materials.
  2. Formulation Optimization: Regularly reviewing and adjusting feed formulations to meet the evolving needs of cattle.
  3. Manufacturing Standards: Adhering to standardized manufacturing processes and hygiene practices.
  4. Laboratory Analysis: Performing regular laboratory analysis to monitor the nutritional content and quality of finished feed.
  5. Feed Labeling: Providing accurate and transparent labeling information to help farmers make informed decisions.

Government Regulations and Policies

The cattle feed industry in India is regulated by government agencies to ensure the safety and quality of feed products. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) sets guidelines and standards for feed manufacturing, labeling, and marketing. Regular inspections and audits are conducted to enforce compliance with these regulations.

Major Players in the Industry

India has a robust cattle feed industry, with several established players. Some of the prominent companies involved in cattle feed production and manufacturing include:

  1. Amul
  2. Godrej Agrovet
  3. Nestlé India
  4. Anmol Feeds
  5. Hatsun Agro Product Ltd.

These companies have extensive distribution networks and offer a wide range of cattle feed products catering to different requirements.

Future Trends and Innovations

The cattle feed industry in India is witnessing advancements and innovations aimed at improving feed efficiency, sustainability, and animal health. Some of the future trends and innovations include:

Challenges and Solutions

The cattle feed industry in India faces several challenges, including:

To overcome these challenges, the industry is exploring solutions such as:

Environmental Impact

The production and use of cattle feed have environmental implications, particularly in terms of resource consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The industry is increasingly adopting sustainable practices, including efficient feed utilization, waste management, and renewable energy integration, to minimize its ecological footprint.

Economic Significance

The cattle feed industry has significant economic importance in India. It provides livelihood opportunities to farmers, feed manufacturers, and distributors. The industry also supports the growth of the dairy and meat sectors, contributing to rural development and overall economic growth.


Cattle feed production and manufacturing play a vital role in ensuring the health, productivity, and overall well-being of cattle in India. With a diverse range of ingredients, advanced manufacturing processes, and quality control measures, the industry strives to provide nutritionally balanced and high-quality feed. As the demand for dairy and meat products continues to rise, the cattle feed industry will continue to evolve, adopting innovative practices to meet the changing needs of the sector.


What is the role of cattle feed in improving milk production?

Cattle feed provides essential nutrients that support milk production, ensuring optimal milk yield and quality.

Are there any specific regulations for cattle feed manufacturing in India?

Yes, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) regulates cattle feed manufacturing, ensuring compliance with safety and quality standards.

How can farmers ensure the quality of cattle feed they purchase?

Farmers should look for reputable manufacturers that adhere to quality control measures, provide transparent labeling, and conduct regular testing of their feed products.

Is organic cattle feed available in India?

Yes, there are organic cattle feed options available in India. Organic feed is produced using organic ingredients and follows specific regulations for organic certification.

Can I make my own cattle feed at home?

While it is possible to create homemade cattle feed, it requires a thorough understanding of animal nutrition and the necessary equipment to ensure a balanced diet. It is generally recommended to rely on professionally manufactured feed for optimal results.