Duck Farming in India: A Potential Source of Livelihood for Poultry Farmers

Duck farming is a part of poultry farming that involves raising ducks for meat and eggs. Ducks are considered more productive than chickens as they can lay about 300 eggs per year, which are larger and richer than chicken eggs. Ducks are also hardy, easily brooded, and resistant to common avian diseases. They can thrive well in scavenging conditions, eating fallen grains, snails, earthworms, insects, small fishes and other aquatic materials. Ducks can also survive in marshy areas and in the areas where no agricultural crops can be grown.

Duck farming is becoming an emerging sector in India. It contributes about 7-8% of the total egg production in the country and forms about 10% of the total poultry population. The major states that practice duck farming are West Bengal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Jammu and Kashmir. Duck farming provides a profitable business idea to poultry farmers around the world. It can also enhance the income generation and livelihood of rural farmers who depend mainly on ducks for their sustenance.

Process and Methods of Duck Farming

Duck farming can be done in different systems depending on the availability of resources, market demand and climatic conditions. The main systems are:

The process of duck farming involves the following steps:

Benefits of Duck Farming

Duck farming has several benefits for the farmers, consumers and the environment. Some of the benefits are:

Challenges and Opportunities of Duck Farming

Duck farming in India faces some challenges and opportunities that need to be addressed for its further development and growth. Some of the challenges are:

Some of the opportunities are:


Duck farming in India is a promising sector that can provide multiple benefits to the farmers, consumers and the environment. It can also contribute to the national food security, rural development and poverty alleviation. However, it faces some challenges that need to be overcome by creating awareness, providing infrastructure, conducting research, tapping demand, diversifying products.