Exotic Sheep Farm in india

Sheep farming is a profitable and sustainable livestock enterprise that can provide income and livelihood to many rural households in India. Sheep are mainly reared for wool, meat, milk and manure. India has a large and diverse sheep population of about 74 million, comprising of 42 indigenous breeds and 7 exotic breeds. Exotic sheep breeds are mainly brought to India to improve the wool quality and quantity, along with increasing mutton production by crossing with local sheep. In most of the cases, the exotic breeds are performing fairly well than crossbreeds. They are also well adapted to the Indian climatic and environmental conditions.

Classification of Exotic Sheep Breeds in India

Exotic sheep breeds in India are mainly classified into four categories based on their primary purpose of production:

Performance of Exotic Sheep Breeds in India

The following table summarizes the performance of some exotic sheep breeds in India in terms of their body weight, wool yield, staple length, fibre diameter and lambing percentage.

BreedBody Weight (kg)Wool Yield (kg)Staple Length (cm)Fibre Diameter (micron)Lambing Percentage (%)
Merino50-65 (Ewes), 75 (Rams)3-4 (Ewes), 4.5 (Rams)5-1018-2480-90
Rambouillet60-80 (Ewes), 120 (Rams)4-5 (Ewes), 6 (Rams)6-1220-2590-100
Suffolk70-90 (Ewes), 100-125 (Rams)2-35-825-33120-150
Dorset50-80 (Ewes), 80-110 (Rams)2.5-3.56-1027-30120-150
Southdown40-50 (Ewes), 75 (Rams)2-34-723-29100-120
Cheviot40-50 (Ewes), 75 (Rams)2.5-3.58-1227-33100-120
Karakul35-45 (Ewes), 60 (Rams)1.5-2.5

Advantages of Exotic Sheep Farming in India

Exotic sheep farming in India has several advantages over indigenous sheep farming such as:

Challenges of Exotic Sheep Farming in India

Exotic sheep farming in India also faces some challenges and constraints such as:


Exotic sheep farming in India is a promising and profitable venture that can enhance the income and livelihood of the sheep farmers. Exotic sheep breeds have superior performance and potential for wool, meat, milk and pelt production. However, exotic sheep farming also requires proper planning, management, marketing and support to overcome the challenges and constraints. Therefore, exotic sheep farmers should adopt scientific and innovative practices to improve the productivity, profitability and sustainability of their enterprise.