Livestock farming

Livestock farming is an integral part of agriculture in India, contributing to more than 20 percent of the nation’s income and providing livelihoods for millions of smallholder farmers. Livestock farming involves raising animals such as cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, poultry, pig, camel and horse for various purposes such as milk, meat, eggs, wool, leather and draught power. Livestock farming also provides valuable inputs such as manure, feed and fuel for crop production and other uses.

Benefits of Livestock Farming

Livestock farming offers multiple benefits for the farmers and the economy of India. Some of the benefits are:

Challenges of Livestock Farming

Despite its importance and potential, livestock farming in India faces several challenges that limit its growth and productivity. Some of the challenges are:

Opportunities for Livestock Farming

Livestock farming in India has immense opportunities for improvement and transformation in the coming years. Some of the opportunities are:


Livestock farming is a vital component of Indian agriculture that provides multiple benefits for the farmers and the economy. However, livestock farming also faces several challenges that hamper its growth and productivity. To overcome these challenges and tap into the opportunities, livestock farming needs to adopt a holistic approach that involves improving animal health and welfare; enhancing feed and fodder availability; increasing value addition; promoting environmental sustainability; strengthening market linkages; embracing digital technologies; fostering innovation; creating enabling policies; building partnerships; developing human capital; raising awareness; ensuring quality standards; ensuring food safety; ensuring animal rights; ensuring social equity; ensuring gender inclusion; ensuring consumer satisfaction; ensuring traceability; ensuring transparency; ensuring accountability; and ensuring profitability.