Murrel Fish farming

Murrel fish farming is the practice of rearing Murrel fish, a freshwater species widely consumed in India, in artificial ponds or tanks. It is an ancient practice in India that has gained popularity in recent years due to the increasing demand for Murrel fish and its high nutritional value. In this article, we explore the various aspects of Murrel fish farming in India, including its history, types, farming techniques, advantages, challenges, market potential, government support, success stories, and future prospects.

Types of Murrel Fish

There are three main types of Murrel fish found in India, which are the striped Murrel, spotted Murrel, and black Murrel. The striped Murrel is the most commonly farmed species and is characterized by its striped pattern. The spotted Murrel, as the name suggests, has spots on its body, while the black Murrel is entirely black.

Murrel Fish Farming Techniques

Murrel fish farming requires specific techniques to ensure optimal growth and high yield. The first step is to select a suitable location for the pond, which should have a consistent water supply and be protected from predators. Pond preparation involves removing any debris, leveling the ground, and adding lime and fertilizer to the soil. Seed selection is crucial, and farmers should opt for healthy and disease-free seeds. The feeding technique involves providing the right amount and type of feed, such as live food, commercial pellets, or a combination of both. Proper water management, including regular water quality checks, aeration, and water exchange, is also essential. Farmers need to be proactive in disease control, which involves regular monitoring and treatment of fish diseases.

Advantages of Murrel Fish Farming

Murrel fish farming is advantageous for several reasons. Firstly, Murrel fish has a high demand in the market due to its unique taste and high nutritional value. Secondly, it requires low investment and generates high profits. Thirdly, Murrel fish farming is environmentally sustainable as it uses natural resources and does not harm the ecosystem.

Challenges in Murrel Fish Farming

Despite the numerous advantages of Murrel fish farming, there are also several challenges that farmers face. One of the major challenges is the availability of quality seeds. The demand for Murrel fish has led to the widespread use of low-quality seeds, resulting in stunted growth and poor yields. Another challenge is proper disease management, as Murrel fish are susceptible to various diseases that can decimate the entire stock. Water management is also crucial, and farmers must maintain proper water quality, especially in areas where the water supply is limited. Lastly, the lack of technical know-how and training is another challenge that farmers face, and many may not know the best practices for optimal fish growth and yield.


Profitability is one of the primary advantages of Murrel fish farming in India. The high demand for Murrel fish, both domestically and internationally, has led to consistently high prices, providing a lucrative opportunity for farmers. Moreover, Murrel fish farming requires low investment compared to other forms of aquaculture, making it a cost-effective option for entrepreneurs. The profit margins in Murrel fish farming can be substantial, especially for small-scale farmers who can sell their produce in local markets. Additionally, Murrel fish farming is environmentally sustainable, as it does not require extensive land use or heavy use of chemicals, which can reduce production costs and increase profitability. Overall, the profitability of Murrel fish farming makes it an attractive business opportunity for farmers in India.

Market Potential of Murrel Fish

The market potential of Murrel fish is enormous, with both domestic and export demand for this fish species. The price trend for Murrel fish has been consistently high due to its high demand and limited supply. There are major players in the industry, including large-scale commercial fish farms and small-scale farmers who sell their produce in local markets.

Areas with high demand

There are several areas in India with high demand for Murrel fish. In South India, particularly in the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka, Murrel fish is a popular delicacy and is in high demand. The coastal areas of Andhra Pradesh, where the fish is known as ‘Korramatta,’ have a particularly high demand for Murrel fish. In Northern India, the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar also have a significant demand for this fish. Additionally, there is a growing demand for Murrel fish in international markets, particularly in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. The high demand for Murrel fish presents a significant growth opportunity for farmers in these regions, as they can cater to the local markets and also explore the potential for exports.

Government Support and Policies

The Indian government has implemented several policies to support Murrel fish farming. Financial assistance and subsidies are provided to farmers to encourage them to adopt Murrel fish farming practices. The government has also developed a regulatory framework to ensure that the fish produced meets quality standards.

Success Stories in Murrel Fish Farming

There are several success stories of Murrel fish farming in India, with many small-scale farmers achieving high profits and significant growth. One such case study is that of a farmer in Andhra Pradesh, who started with a small pond and gradually expanded his farm to over ten ponds, generating a yearly income of over 20 lakhs. Another farmer in Tamil Nadu started with a small pond and grew his business to over 30 ponds, employing several people and earning a yearly income of over 40 lakhs.

Future Prospects of Murrel Fish Farming in India

The future prospects of Murrel fish farming in India are promising, with technological advancements and growth opportunities in the industry. Advancements in aquaculture technology, such as the use of automated feeding systems and genetic selection for desirable traits, are expected to increase the efficiency and yield of Murrel fish farming. Moreover, the growing demand for Murrel fish both domestically and internationally presents significant growth opportunities for farmers in this sector.

Murrel fish farming is an ancient practice that has gained popularity in recent years due to its high demand and nutritional value. Despite the challenges faced by farmers, such as seed quality, disease management, and technical know-how, Murrel fish farming presents significant advantages, including high profitability, low investment, and environmental sustainability. The government’s support and policies, success stories of small-scale farmers, and the promising future prospects of Murrel fish farming make it a lucrative and attractive business opportunity for entrepreneurs in India.