Pungan tree

Pungan tree cultivation involves growing the Pongamia pinnata tree for its oil, which has a wide range of applications, including as a biofuel, in soap production, and for medicinal purposes. The tree is native to tropical and subtropical regions and prefers well-drained soils with a pH range of 6.0-7.5.

Propagation of Pungan trees can be done through seeds, stem cuttings, or grafting. The best time for planting is during the rainy season when the soil is moist, and the tree has a better chance of establishing its roots. Regular irrigation is required during the dry season to ensure healthy growth and a high yield of seeds.

To promote healthy growth and prevent pest infestations, pesticides and fertilizers can be applied regularly. Pungan trees can also be intercropped with other crops such as pulses or vegetables to maximize land use and improve soil health.

Regular pruning is necessary to maintain a single stem and promote healthy growth. The seeds are harvested when they turn brown and fall to the ground. The oil is extracted through mechanical or chemical methods, and the remaining seed cake can be used as fertilizer.

The potential profits of Pungan tree cultivation depend on several factors, including the yield of seeds, market prices for oil, and costs associated with labor, inputs, and transportation. It’s essential to do thorough research and planning before starting a Pungan tree plantation to ensure profitability and sustainability.

Profit and Expense for cultivation of one acer pungan tree

Expense/Cost ItemAmount (in INR)
Land preparation10,000
Labor (planting, maintenance, harvesting)15,000
Total Expenses/Costs42,500

Assuming a yield of 750 kg of seeds per year and a market price of 60 INR per kg of seeds, the potential profit would be:

Profit ItemAmount (in INR)
Yield (750 kg of seeds at 60 INR per kg)45,000
Total Expenses/Costs42,500
Potential Profit2,500