Red Sindhi Cow

Red Sindhi Cow is a breed of cattle that is native to the Sindh province of Pakistan, but is also found in India, where it is highly valued for its milk production, strength, and endurance. The breed is known for its striking red coat color and its adaptability to a variety of climatic conditions. In India, Red Sindhi Cow holds immense cultural and economic significance, and has been a part of the Indian agricultural landscape for centuries.

Historical background of Red Sindhi Cow in India:

Red Sindhi Cow is believed to have been introduced to India by the Sindhi community, who migrated from Sindh to India in the 19th century. The breed was first introduced in the state of Rajasthan, and later spread to other parts of India. Red Sindhi Cow was primarily used as a draught animal for plowing and tilling the fields, and for producing milk and manure. Over the years, the breed has gained immense popularity and has become an integral part of Indian agriculture and culture.

Physical characteristics of Red Sindhi Cow:

Red Sindhi Cow is a medium-sized breed, with a typical weight range of 450 to 500 kg for cows and 600 to 700 kg for bulls. The breed is known for its distinctive red coat color, which ranges from a bright orange-red to a deep maroon-red. The coat is short and glossy, and provides a natural protection against the harsh sun and heat. Red Sindhi Cow has long, slender legs, and a well-developed udder, which enables it to produce high-quality milk.

  1. Body Structure: Red Sindhi Cow has a well-proportioned body structure, with a broad chest and strong back. The breed has a long and muscular neck, which supports its large head.
  2. Coat Color: As the name suggests, the breed has a distinct red coat color, which ranges from light to dark shades of red. The color of the coat may vary depending on the geographical location and climatic conditions.
  3. Horns: Red Sindhi Cow has long and curved horns, which are an important physical characteristic of the breed. The horns are used for self-defense and for establishing dominance over other cows.
  4. Udder: The udder of Red Sindhi Cow is well-developed and has a good capacity to store milk. The teats are evenly spaced and are of medium size.
  5. Height and Weight: Red Sindhi Cow is a medium to large-sized breed, with an average height of 135-150 cm and weight ranging from 400-600 kg.
  6. Adaptability: Red Sindhi Cow is known for its adaptability to different climatic conditions, including hot and humid weather. The breed has a good tolerance to heat stress and is resistant to various diseases.

Red Sindhi Cow as a dairy breed:

Red Sindhi Cow is a highly productive dairy breed, with an average milk production of 1500 to 2000 liters per lactation. The milk is rich in protein and minerals, and has a high nutritional value. Red Sindhi Cow’s milk is believed to have medicinal properties, and is used to treat a variety of ailments such as arthritis, asthma, and high blood pressure. The milk is also used to make a variety of dairy products such as ghee, yogurt, and cheese.

  1. Boosts Immunity: Red Sindhi Cow milk contains high levels of immunoglobulin, which helps boost immunity and fight infections.
  2. Promotes Digestive Health: The milk is rich in probiotics, which help promote digestive health and prevent gastrointestinal disorders.
  3. Improves Bone Health: Red Sindhi Cow milk is a good source of calcium, which is essential for strong bones and teeth.
  4. Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases: The milk contains high levels of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), which has been shown to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  5. Helps in Weight Management: The milk is low in fat and calories, and can be a good addition to a weight management diet.

Role of Red Sindhi Cow in Indian culture:

Red Sindhi Cow holds immense cultural and religious significance in India, and is revered as a symbol of wealth and prosperity. The cow is considered to be sacred in Hinduism, and is worshipped as a manifestation of the divine mother. Red Sindhi Cow is also associated with several festivals and rituals, such as the Ganesh Chaturthi, where the cow is adorned with ornaments and worshipped along with Lord Ganesha. Red Sindhi Cow is also an important component of Indian mythology. It is believed that the gods and goddesses reside in the cow, and that the cow is a source of eternal life. In the Hindu epic, Mahabharata, Lord Krishna is often depicted playing and caring for cows, and is known as the protector of cows.

Red Sindhi Cow in agriculture:

Red Sindhi Cow has been a valuable asset to Indian agriculture for centuries. The breed has been used for plowing and tilling the fields, as well as for transportation of goods and people. The cow’s dung is also used as a source of fuel, and as a natural fertilizer for crops. The manure is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, which are essential nutrients for plant growth.

Challenges faced by Red Sindhi Cow:

Despite its cultural and economic significance, Red Sindhi Cow faces several challenges today. The breed is facing a decline in population due to factors such as crossbreeding, mechanization of agriculture, and the rise of commercial dairy farming. In addition, the breed is vulnerable to diseases and climatic conditions.

Measures taken for conservation and protection:

To address the challenges faced by Red Sindhi Cow, various conservation and protection measures have been taken by the government and non-governmental organizations. These measures include the establishment of breed societies, conservation breeding programs, and the promotion of traditional agricultural practices. The government has also recognized the breed as a national genetic resource, and has taken steps to protect it under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

Red Sindhi Cow in the international market:

Red Sindhi Cow has gained popularity in the international market due to its high milk production, adaptability, and nutritional value. The breed is exported to several countries, including the United States, Canada, and Brazil. The demand for Red Sindhi Cow is increasing, and there is a need to preserve and conserve the breed to meet the growing demand.


Red Sindhi Cow is a valuable genetic resource that has played an important role in Indian agriculture and culture for centuries. The breed’s adaptability, milk production, and cultural significance make it a unique and valuable asset. However, the breed is facing several challenges today, and there is a need to take measures to conserve and protect it for future generations. The preservation and conservation of Red Sindhi Cow will not only benefit India, but also the global dairy industry.